During the last years, European Countries have been dealing with prevention of and fight against radicalisation leading to violent extremism, and particular attention has been put on the penitentiary context, where the substantial presence of a large variety of subjects, confined in an institutionalized environment, makes it more and more difficult to timely identify unmistakable signs of possible radicalisation processes, which could involve every prisoner. Moreover, even where a monitoring activity is carried out, the information gathered is not always shared among all frontline workers, but it is kept and managed for investigation and security purposes, instead of becoming also a basis for building effective individualized programs of rehabilitation and reintegration, tailored according to every known characteristic of the sentenced person.

Finally, information and knowledge about inmates or persons undergoing community sanctions and measures, often does not reach in due time the judiciary, which, in Italy as in other EU countries, has full jurisdiction also on penal execution.

This TRAinTRAINING project intends to start from one result of the previous RASMORAD P&P project, which has the objective to draft, to assess and to experiment a protocol of evaluation of the specific radicalisation risk, both in prison and in probation settings.

From the constant and regular use of that instrument, a decisive support is expected for the identification of situations, subjects and processes at risk of violent radicalisation. The extensive daily use of the said protocol throughout the Italian prison system – where we find a very meaningful presence of particularly risky inmates (given the very high number of foreign prisoners from Maghreb Countries) – will allow more accurate diagnosis. The project will step forward from the RASMORAD P&P project through an intensive and extended training activity addressed to prison and probation practitioners, in addition to those previously involved in the RASMORAD P&P. It will also enhance the outcomes of the previous project, teaching the trainees how to use the RASMORAD P&P tool in the early detection of violent radicalization signals in prisoners and probationers. Moreover, the T.R.A.inTRAINING project will step forward in establishing information flow procedures among P&P practitioners and with the judiciary and other professionals working in P&P settings, who might as well be aware of the prisoner’s radicalisation process. This information will effectively complement the results of observation of each subject at risk, made by practitioners on the basis of their specific professional experience and point of view. This knowledge will also be forwarded to the relevant judges, who will thus have all the instruments necessary to make the most adequate decisions both for public security and for the subject’s rehabilitation, possibly evaluating lighter forms of detention, according to the national law. In this way, the establishment of a network will be achieved, for a regular and prompt exchange and sharing of information among the public workers involved in the process of rehabilitation of radicalised subjects, and between those workers and the judicial authorities.